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Tag Archives: Watkins Eager

WE LAW: Corporate governance and management

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Mitt Romney was right. Corporations are “people” – at least in the sense that they have many of the same rights and obligations as individuals. Corporations (and other business entities) can enter into contracts, incur debt, sue and be sued. Business entities cannot, however, act on their own behalf. Determining who has the power and authority to act for and ...

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COMMERCIAL FINANCE 701: Payment and performance bonds in construction projects


Construction lenders on large commercial construction loans customarily require payment and performance bonds.  At the loan commitment letter stage, this condition rarely concerns a borrower.  Later, however, when the requirement materializes into a line item in the contractor’s budget, the borrower might have second thoughts.  We attempt to define and appraise the payment and performance bond (P&P Bond). Let’s assume ...

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WE LAW — Postnuptial agreements: Do you need one?

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Asset protection planning is a well-known concept in business circles, but seldom considered in a family context. And when discussed in the non-business context, the discussion is more likely to involve either a prenuptial agreement, property settlement in divorce, or estate planning.  The postnuptial agreement is an asset protection planning device used during marriage.  In fact, it can be used ...

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COMMERCIAL FINANCE 701: Practical issues with multi-tiered entity structures

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It is quite common – even vogue nowadays – for the ownership structure of a commercial project to include a chain of entities.  Even in a relatively straightforward commercial project, the resulting organizational chart can be convoluted.   (See Chart 1). The older ones among us grew up with corporations as the standard fare, which invariably included shareholders, a board ...

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COMMERCIAL FINANCE 701: The UCC, secured transactions & personal property liens

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The Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) has swayed many a law student to question a future career in business law.  A semester of UCC law, using a small font, 3-inch thick textbook chock-full of tedious definitions and mind-numbing concepts, bores even an otherwise indefatigable accounting grad.  Our topic is limited to secured transactions. BACKGROUND.  A smidgen of background information on the ...

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Walter Johnson named to Academy

Walter T. Johnson of Watkins & Eager PLLC been named to The National Academy of Distinguished Neutrals. Membership is by invitation only and limited to attorney mediators and arbitrators who have proven experience in civil and commercial conflict resolution, and are committed to methods of alternative dispute resolution. Johnson is a Fellow of the American College of Trial Lawyers, a ...

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COMMERCIAL FINANCE 701 — CRE loans, credit underwriting & the Feds in 2016


US banks didn’t have to wait long to learn the Feds’ thoughts on commercial real estate (CRE) loans in 2016.  On December 18, 2015, the trio of federal bank regulators – the Federal Reserve Board, FDIC, and the Comptroller of the Currency – issued a dismal harbinger entitled “Statement on Prudent Risk Management for Commercial Real Estate Lending.” The four-page ...

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COMMERCIAL FINANCE 701 — Real property taxes – ad valorem and more


An observant, pragmatic and penny-pinching Benjamin Franklin once mused, “In this world nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes.” The quip distills the issue to its core, but taxes in today’s world are much more complex than Franklin’s succinct quote would suggest. This article is about ad valorem taxes on real property in Mississippi. Ad Valorem ...

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COMMERCIAL FINANCE 701 — Syndications: a super-sized credit facility with multiple lenders


To fulfill whopping credit needs, a corporate borrower may need to avail itself of a syndicated loan.  This article attempts to define, distill and distinguish this divergent financing vehicle. What is a Syndicated Loan or Loan Syndication? As too common in business jargon, “syndicated loan” and “loan syndication” are not precisely defined or uniformly employed terms.  To get us started, ...

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COMMERCIAL FINANCE 701 — Doing business with the Government

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  The Founding Fathers would be dumbfounded if they could see our gigantesque government structure. This behemoth annually spends in excess of $6 trillion protecting, regulating, arbitrating, purchasing, managing, lending, insuring, competing, and, more recently, joining public–private partnerships. One of every six full-time U.S. workers is a local, state or federal governmental employee.  Inevitably, doing business will involve contact with ...

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