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Banks get reprieve from Basel III capital requirements

In a move that takes immediate pressure off of community banks in Mississippi and elsewhere in the nation, federal bank regulators say they do not expect to enact new capital requirements on Jan. 1 based on the Basel III International Accords.

In a statement Friday, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency said the delays stems from the massive volume of comments regulators received on the Basel III capital proposals “and the wide range of views expressed during the comment period.”

“As members of the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision, the U.S. agencies take seriously our internationally agreed timing commitments regarding the implementation of Basel III and are working as expeditiously as possible to complete the rulemaking process,” the OCC said. “As with any rule, the agencies will take operational and other considerations into account when determining appropriate implementation dates and associated transition periods.”

The OCC, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve and the FDIC had announced in June that they intended to begin initiating the new capital requirements starting Jan. 1.

David H. Stevens, president & CEO of the Mortgage Bankers Association (MBA), on Friday called the announcement on the Basel III delay a positive development.

He said he hopes the delay is a signal “that the regulators are rethinking their problematic Basel III rule and are going back to the drawing board for a new proposed rule. The rules, as proposed this summer, would have had serious negative repercussions across the lending landscape, with the impact felt most acutely by residential, commercial and multifamily real estate borrowers, investors and lenders in the form of tighter credit and higher costs.

In Mississippi bankers and others say they worry the allocation of risk-weighting in setting capital requirements on real estate loans could significantly slow mortgage lending.

The Mortgage Bankers Association’s Stevens shares that worry for the entire lending industry. “It is critical now that regulators re-propose Basel implementation rules that more appropriately allocate risk-weights on real estate-related assets, whether they be residential, commercial or multifamily loans and securities and/or servicing rights,” he said. “Otherwise, credit for real estate transactions will tighten and consumer and borrower costs will go up, as banks reduce their real estate lending and mortgage servicing business.”

As now framed, Basel III would gradually force banks of all sizes to greatly increase their levels of regulatory capital and to apply a complex risk weighting system to loans on home mortgages, commercial enterprises and other types of lending. Bankers expect to have to set aside two to three times as much reserve capital on many types of loans than is now required,

The proposals are the work of an international group of bank regulatory experts who made up the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision. As its name implies, Basel III follows two earlier versions of accords going back to 1992. The latest version has received the endorsement of the Group of 20, an organization of industrialized nations, including the United States, that represent 85 percent of the worldwide economy.

When the Group of 20 approved the accords, few expected the rules to apply to any but the largest U.S. banks that were active in international markets, according to the Mississippi Bankers Association.

Later, U.S. bankers learned the scope of the regulations would include banks with assets of $500 million and above and would apply the risk-weighting and capital requirements to banks of even smaller sizes, said Mac Deaver, president of the Mississippi Bankers Association.

“Those rules apply to banks of all sizes,” he said in an interview last week. “A $20 million bank that serves a community will be impacted.”

In rural parts of Mississippi, a sizable portion of the home lending market is in “non-conforming loans” that are held by an individual bank instead of sold on the secondary market. The new risk weighting is going to make this sort of lending much more expensive for community banks, Deaver said in a September interview.

“Under the new formula, they are going to be considered more risky than before,” he said.

The Mississippi Bankers Association joined counterparts from around the country last month in urging the regulators to delay implementing Basel III.

In its comments, the MBA said the new risk weighting rules require banks to set aside two to three times the capital for a home loan than is now required. The money that is diverted to the risk weighting is no longer eligible to be counted as Tier One capital. “When you’re putting up three times as much to support that loan… that 6 percent is now going to be around 9 percent,” Deaver said.

Further, if interest rates go up and bond values go down, banks must offset that with additional capital reserves, according to Deaver. A rush for new capital is not what Mississippi and the rest of the nation needs during this fragile banking recovery, he said.

Especially worrisome, Deaver said, is that Basel III does not grandfather current loans. Banks would have to review every loan on their books, recalculate with the new risk weighting and begin setting aside money to meet the new rules, he said.





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